Qualification Pilote FCL .055 Anglais OACI en France – Ce qu’il Faut Savoir

(Dernière mise à jour – 10 mai 2016)

Important: le FCL 1.028 et FCL 1.200 seront remplacés respectivement par les FCL .055 et FCL .055 D à compter du 9 avril 2013.

Depuis le 5 mars 2011, tout pilote désireux de quitter l’espace aérien français doit avoir validé les deux cases FCL 1.028 et FCL 1.200 (Cases XII et XIII) sur sa licence (FCL pour Flight Crew Licensing). Cependant ces exigences peuvent aller plus loin (lire les liens de la DGAC ci-dessous)

Certain pilotes étaient détenteurs de la QRI (Qualification de Radiotéléphonie Internationale) et ont bénéficié de la « loi du grand-père ». D’autres ont passé une FCL 1.200 (FCL .055D) qui leur a permis d’incrémenter le niveau requis pour le FCL 1.028 (FCL .055 IR ou VFR).

Désormais la qualification de radiotéléphonie en langue anglaise (QRI ou FCL 1.200 en VFR ou IFR) ne suffit plus. Il faut justifier au minimum du niveau 4 OACI (Organisation de l’Aviation Civile Internationale ou ICAO en anglais) à l’examen FCL .055 qui est une qualification différente (en langue anglaise principalement) du FCL .055D de la DGAC (qui est un examen de RTF – radiotéléphonie).

Il faut d’abord présenter le FCL .055D pour la DGAC (pas obligatoire pour d’autres organismes examinateurs) puis ensuite à échéance de votre compétence linguistique (sauf pour ceux qui ont obtenu le niveau 6),  l’examen FCL .055 ordinaire (sans QCM de compréhension de documents issus de l’aéronautique). Pour l’instant, les formats de ces deux examens se ressemblent si ce n’est que l’épreuve écrite fait partie du FCL .055D mais pas du FCL .055.

Avoir une bonne moyenne ne suffit pas: c’est la note la plus basse des sept compétences évaluées qui est retenue. Autrement dit, il faut être au mieux bon en tout et au pire mauvais dans aucune des compétences suivantes:

  • Compréhension orale
  • Prononciation
  • Débit, aisance à l’oral
  • Structures, constructions grammaticales à l’oral
  • Vocabulaire, Champs lexical à l’oral
  • Interaction
  • Compréhension écrite (QCM, uniquement pour le FCL 1.200)

On peut trouver de nombreuses informations sur des forums mais il y a un risque d’interprétation voire d’erreur et il vaut mieux prendre les informations à jour et à la source, c’est à dire sur ces liens de la DGAC (certains devraient de nouveau être mis à jour):

  1. Le contrôle de compétence linguistique du FCL .055

  2. Les modalités du contrôle de compétence linguistique

  3. L’examen FCL 1.200

Vous pouvez télécharger les publications suivantes (en partie bilingues) concernant la radiotéléphonie:

Il est important également d’acquérir le document ICAO PANS-RAC DOC 4444 ainsi que le manuel de radiotéléphonie (Manual of RadiotelephonyDoc 9432). Il est possible de trouver ces documents sur Internet mais attention, il s’agit de versions légèrement périmées et il ne faudrait pas non plus oublier que l’Agence Européenne de la Sécurité Aérienne (AESA, en anglais EASA qui signifie European Aviation Safety Agency) réglemente de plus en plus notre espace aérien.

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Legendary Alberto Santos-Dumont – First sportsman of the air

The Brazilian pioneer was the first to demonstrate that controlled flight was possible thanks to his dirigible balloons. He flew his « Number 6 » round the Eiffel Tower as early as 1901. He designed and flew the 14-bis « Oiseau de proie » (Bird of prey) in 1906. This invention was the first fixed-wing flying machine witnessed by the European press and French aviation authorities to achieve an actual controlled flight.

He designed and flew the Demoiselle (Damselfly) in 1908. This aircraft was controlled by wing warping, and a tail unit equipped with a rudder, and an elevator.

VIDEO:

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French FIGHTERJETS and/or PILOTS possibly SUPERIOR

First of all, it is not that simple. Last instance: The « World’s Armed Forces Forum » has recently posted a new topic relating to this Prepa PLS Anglais post: /rafale-vs-typhooneurofighter/ which was edited here on December 20, 2009. It is very clear that this was just a post to pass rumors on to other websurfers who may not have already read/heard such gossips.

This post may have been deemed as a preposterous one among the aviation community. That is why I then posted this post: /french-fighter-aircraft-performance/ in early 2010. Well, in hindsight I ought to add that I had forgotten that confrontation between the French Dassault fighter aircraft with the Eurofighter: the Rafales – there were only two of them according to the report – shot down four Typhoons during an exercise. Yes, twice as many…

The assumption that a Rafale might have shot down an F-22 Raptor left my readers in utter disbelief in 2009. Well, in hindsight again, I ought to add that I had forgotten to quote the Korean balance sheet about the Rafale performance, as I had forgotten that a United Arab Emirates Air Force (UAEAF) Mirage 2000-9 (variant of Mirage 2000-5 Mk.2) flown by a French pilot would have – virtually – shot down an F-22 Raptor as well…

RAFALE fighter aircraft aerobatics at La Ferté Alais airshow 2010
RAFALE La Ferté Alais 2010 © Xavier Cotton http://passiondesavions.blogspot.de/

I would never write anything like « an F-5 cannot down any French jetfighter ». Let us get real on this – I guess that either an F-5 or a MiG-21 could down any Mirage 2000 or Rafale. It depends on the radars; the sensors; the weapon systems used that day; the weather conditions; the pilots’ training; and their skills; the distance – BVR or WVR, not to mention autonomy; etc. When I read that some people remain adamant that any Rafale cannot have downed any F-22 Raptor, I think that they have the right to take such a stance. As I have the right to believe that they are wrong in their assertion. All-in-all, everything would be rumors… So, why should they care about them?

The pragmatic Swiss have honestly stated that they would be interested in the French Rafale for they got the results of their demanding NAC tests. However, due to a shrinking defense budget, they may not buy Rafales.

As far as the Brazilian, Emirati, Greek, and Indian (for MMRCA tender) media are concerned, they have already issued – at least once – breaking news according to which their countries would not purchase any Rafale for it would be « too expensive« .

Blimey! Let them buy what they like. I do not know whether it is worth paying for such performance because with these tenders, it is not a question of purchasing warplanes but foreign policies. Nonetheless, I would not be suprised to learn that some French Rafale pilots might be eager to challenge the brand new Chinese J-20 5th-generation fighter aircraft as it is deemed to be less performant than the F-22 Raptor.

If it were to happen – J-20 vs Rafale – the result would remain, as usual, among the rumors.   😉

Photo: © Xavier Cotton – http://passiondesavions.blogspot.de/

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Brazil to buy U.S. F-18s instead of French Rafales

RAFALE La Ferté Alais 2010 - © Xavier Cotton http://passiondesavions.blogspot.de/

According to Le Monde, and Reuters the Brazilian president Dilma Rousseff would much rather have American F/A-18 Super Hornets than buy French Dassault Rafales to upgrade the FAB – Força Aérea Brasileira, the Brazilian Air Force.

Mrs Rousseff would have stated that the American fighter aircraft would be superior to the Rafale when she met with Timothy Geithner current United States Secretary of the Treasury.

One may wonder why as the Rafale is almost superior to the Super Hornet in almost every skill as far as performance is concerned.

Last but not least, the radius of combat of the French fighter is far longer than its rivals. The Brazilian president is to make a decision presently.

However, and particularly because of the range difference, it would not be wise to reject the Rafale in a country as vast as Brazil. Anyway, everybody knows that wisdom has nothing to do with such decision 😉

Photo courtesy: © Xavier Cotton http://passiondesavions.blogspot.de/

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Multi-role fighter aircraft sales

Global fighter market leaders after 10 years

17:46 01/02/2011 Companies sharing world market for new multi-role fighters>>

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